Carpets can be divided into machine-made carpets and handmade carpets due to different production methods. Machine-made carpets include tufted carpets, woven Wilton carpets, and woven Axminster carpets.
a) Tufted carpet
This carpet belongs to a large category of machine-made carpets. It is not interwoven with warp and weft but is made by inserting pile yarns on the carpet base fabric through steel needles, and then gluing and holding the city head through the subsequent process. Due to the higher production efficiency of the carpet, it is the preferred carpet for hotel decoration.
b) Woven Wilton carpet
The carpet is finished by interweaving three yarns of warp yarn, weft yarn and pile yarn, and then finishing by subsequent processes such as gluing and shearing. Because the carpet craft originated in Wilton, England, it is called Wilton carpet. This loom is a double-layer fabric, so the production efficiency is relatively fast.
c) Woven Axminster carpet
The carpet is also finished by three yarns of warp yarn, weft yarn and pile yarn, and then finished by the subsequent processes such as gluing and shearing. The technology used in this carpet originated from Axminster, England. This loom is a single-layer fabric and has a very low speed. The carpet weaving efficiency is very low, and its efficiency is only 30% of Wilton’s loom.